New Education Policy 2020: Complete Highlights

 New Education Policy 2020: Complete Highlights

The government launched the National Education Policy 2020 on Wednesday 29 July 2020, saying, Either one of the mother tongue or the local/local language is not the same.” Regional language will be the medium of instruction in all schools up-to class 5. Not only that, this government has brought about a number of reforms in the education sector with the introduction of the new education policy 2020. Read along to learn everything about the new education policy.
New Education Policy
New Education Policy

 Top 10 marks on new National Education Policy 2020

1. As per the policy, mother tongue or local or regional language upto Class 5 (preferably upto Class 8 and beyond) is to be the medium of education in all schools. Sanskrit and foreign languages will be offered at all levels from secondary school level under NEP 2020. However, the policy also says that no language will be imposed on any student.
2. This can be seen by many after the Draft NEP was seen by several Southern states in June last year as an attempt to impose Hindi on school students.
3. The 10+2 structure has been replaced with 5+3+3+4, including 12 years of school and three of Anganwadi or Pre-school. It will be divided as follows: a fundamental phase (ages three and eight), three years of Pre-primary (ages eight to 11), an early stage (ages 11 to 14), and a secondary stage (ages 14 to 18). According to the government, the revised structure. “Will bring the open age group of three to six years so far, which has been recognized globally as an important stage for the development of mental faculties under the school curriculum.
4. Instead of examinations to be conducted every year, school students will sit for only three – classes 3, 5 and 8. Evaluation in other years a0 “Regular and early More ” which will be moved in style “Merit-based, promotes learning and development, and tests high-order skills such as analysis, critical thinking and conceptual clarity0 “।
5. Board exams will be conducted for classes 10 and 12, but even as a purpose0. “Overall development Will be redesigned with. The standards for this will be set up by a new National Assessment Centre- Parakh (Performance Evaluation, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development).
6. The government has stated that the policy aims to reduce the curriculum burden of students and make them more “Multi-disciplinary And ” “Multilingual “To allow to become. The government said there would be no drastic separation between art and science, between curriculum and extracurricular activities and between the professional and academic stream.
7. For this purpose, the policy also proposes that higher education institutions such as IITs (Indian Institutes of Technology) will include arts and humanities subjects for students studying science subjects by 2040 with greater inclusion of arts and humanities subjects. “Holistic Education Move towards, and vice versa.
8. NEP 2020 proposes a four-year undergraduate Programme with multiple exit options to give flexibility to students. The multi-disciplinary bachelor’s degree will be given after completing four years of studies. After two years, the students who are out will get diplomas and after 12 months, those who leave will receive vocational/diploma. Professional course to be studied. M. Phil (Master of Philosophy) courses are to be closed.
9. Council of Higher Education of India (HECI) will be constituted to regulate higher education; The focus will be on institutions that have 3,000 or more students. The council’s goals are to increase the gross enrolment ratio from 26.3 percent (2018) to 50 percent by 2035. However, HECI will not have jurisdiction over legal and medical colleges.
10. HECI will have four independent verticals- National Higher Education Regulatory Council for Regulation, General Education Council to Standards, Higher Education Grants Council for Funding and National Accreditation Council for Accreditation.

New Education Policy 2020 Complete Highlights

1. Ministry of Human Resource Development to be renamed as Ministry of Education
 The policy draft has been approved. The ministry has been named as the Ministry of Education, a senior human resource development ministry official said.
2. Best universities to set up campuses in other countries
High-performing Indian universities will be encouraged to set up campuses in other countries. Among the top 100 universities in the world, selected universities will have the facility to operate in India.
3. National Committee for Integration of Business Education -Folk Lore
Folk lore developed in India i.e. important professional knowledge will be made accessible to students. The Ministry of Education will set up a National Committee for the Integration of Vocational Education (NCEE).
4. National Research Foundation (NRF) to be set up
A National Research Foundation (NRF) will be set up. The broad goal of the NRF would be to saturate the culture of research through universities. The NRF will be governed independently of the government, by a rotating board of governors, which will include very good researchers and innovators in the regions.
5. Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IETI) proposed
The new education policy proposes to set up the Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation (IIT), while also places significant emphasis on Sanskrit and other Indian languages.
6. Education policy revised after more than 30 years 
This change has been brought about after more than 30 years. The education policy was issued in the year 1986.
7. PM approves new policy for 21st century after 34 years
The cabinet led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the new education policy for the 21st century.
8. Multiple Entry and Exit Program
The government aims at 50% gross enrolment ratio by 2035. There will be multiple entry and exit options for those who wish to leave the course. Their credit will be transferred through the Academic Bank of Credits,” education ministry secretary Amit Khare said.
9.New Academic and Curricular Structure
The existing 10+2 structure in school education will be revised with a new academic and curricular restructuring of 5+3+3+4 covering age 3-18. Currently, children aged 3-6 are not included in the 10+2 structure as Class 1 starts at the age of 6 years. The new 5+3+3+4 structure also includes a strong base of early childhood care and education (ECCE) from the age of 3.
10. E-content in regional language
Khare said that apart from English and Hindi, there will be e-content in regional language. E-courses will be in eight major languages, not just English and Hindi.
11. 45000 affiliated colleges will be given financial autonomy
There are more than 45,000 affiliated colleges in our country. Under graded autonomy, colleges will be given academic, administrative and financial autonomy based on their status of recognition: Amit Khare Higher Education Secretary.
12. National Curriculum and Educational Framework to be developed by NCERT
A national curriculum and educational framework for early childhood care and education (NCPFECECE) will be developed for children up to the age of 8, said School Education Secretary Anita Karwal.  
13.Coding will be taught since Class 6
The school education secretary said students in class 6 and above will be taught coding in schools as part of 21st century skills.
The importance of board exams will be less, the exam can be conducted twice a year
14.To reduce the importance and stress of board exams, the exam will be conducted in two parts: objective and descriptive. The examination can be conducted twice a year. He said the board should promote knowledge application instead of learning in the exam.
15. 360 Degree Overall Report Card for Students
The students will get a composite report card of 360 degrees, which will not only be briefed on the marks obtained by them in the subjects but also about their skills and other important points.
16. NTA to offer common entrance exam
The National Testing Agency (NTA) will offer a high quality common aptitude test as well as special common subject examination in science, humanities, languages, arts and professional disciplines at least twice every year for the university entrance examination.
17. Convertible Model for Board Exams – Annual, Semester, Modular Exam
Boards can also develop more viable models of board examinations over time, such as annual/yearly, and more. Semester/Semester Modular board exams; Start with math offering all subjects, on two levels; Two parts exam or objective type and descriptive type.
18. Tech-based options for adult learning through apps, TV channels etc.
Quality technology based options for adult education such as apps, online courses/courses, are not the same. Modules, satellite-based TV channels, online books, and ICT-equipped libraries and adult education centres etc will be developed.
19. Elementary Class Balavatika for children below 5 years
Before the age of 5, every child has a . “Elementary Class Or  “Balavatika (i.e., before class 1), which has an ECCE-qualified teacher, will be transferred to.
20. Early Childhood Care and Education Course (ECEC) will be done by MHRD, WCD, HFW, Tribal Affairs
The early childhood care and education course (ECEC) will be jointly planned and implemented by the Ministries of Human Resource Development, Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD), Health and Family Welfare (HFW) and Tribal Affairs.
21. National Establishment Literacy and Numeracy Mission to be set up by MHRD
A National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numerity will be set up by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) on priority basis.
22. Nutrition and Health Cards, Regular Health Check-ups for School Students
Children’s Nutrition and Health,including mental health will be addressed through healthy eating and regular Health checks, and health cards will be issued to Monitor it.
23. To provide courses for NIOS, Open School Grades 3,5 and 8
NIOS and state open schools will also provide A, B and C levels that are equal to grades 3, 5 and 8 of the formal school system; Secondary education programs that are equal to grades 10 and 12; Vocational Education Courses/ Courses program; and adult literacy and life promotion programmes.
24. Course content will be reduced
Course content will be reduced to your original essentials in each topic, and make room for critical thinking and more holistic, investigation-based, search-based, discussion-based, and analysis-based learning.
25. Content will focus on ideas, applications, problem solving
The mandatory content will focus on key concepts, ideas, applications and problem solving. Teaching and learning will be conducted in a more interactive way
26. Experiential learning at all stages
Experiential education will include hand-to-learn, art-integrated and sports-integrated education, storytelling-based pedagogy, among others, in the form of standard pedagogy. There will be a shift towards classroom transactions, merit-based learning and education.
27. No difficult separation of streams for students
Students will be given the flexibility and choice of subjects to study exclusively in secondary school – including subjects in physical education, arts and crafts and vocational skills.
There will be no difficult separation between ‘art’, ‘humanities’, and ‘science’ or between ‘professional’ or ‘academic’ streams, ‘curricular’, ‘extracurricular’, or ‘co-curricular’.
Apart from science, humanities and mathematics, subjects like physical education, arts and crafts and vocational skills will be included in the entire school curriculum.
Each of the four stages of school education can consider moving toward a semester or another system that allows the inclusion of smaller modules
28. Indian sign language to be standardized across the country
Indian Sign Language (ISL) will be standardized across the country, and national and state course materials have been developed, for use by students with hearing loss.
29. Medium of Education/Local Regional language will be
Wherever possible, at least the medium of education up to Grade 5, but preferably grade 8 and beyond, the home language/language can be used. Mother Tongue/ Mother Tongue Local Language/Language There will be regional language.
30. The three languages learned by children will be the choice of state, regions and students
The three languages learned by children will be the choice of states, regions and students, as long as at least two of the three languages are native to India.
31. Bagless Days encouraged
Bagless days will be encouraged throughout the year for a variety of promotion activities related to art, quizzes, sports and professional crafts.

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